It is by far the newest canton to join the Confederation. Side note : we took the car ferry over in a campervan and was told no overnight stays were allowed due to COVID so had to run back to get the last ferry at 6pm. The UK band Mekons recorded an album on the island in 2015 and called it 'Jura'. (see [1] Terroir Jura and This is after the Jura population voted to separate from the canton of Bern in 1977, officially founding a canton in 1979. On 17 September 2017, the nearby municipalities of Belprahon and Sorvilier conversely voted to remain in the canton of Bern. According to explorer Thomas Pennant, who visited Jura twenty years later, the island “carried a fairly large population right through the period of Campbell domination into the era of emigration and clearance.” Like a window into their day-to-day life, Jura census records can tell you where and how your ancestors worked, their level of education, veteran status, and more. [16] There are three major peaks: The Paps dominate the landscape in the region and are visible from the Mull of Kintyre and, on a clear day, from the Isle of Skye and Northern Ireland. The Jura is an arc of limestone hills, valleys, plateaus, and peaks with an average altitude of 700 metres. Population résidante permanente au 31 décembre, selon le sexe, la classe d'âges et la nationalité, de 2010 à 2019, canton du Jura (XLSX, 110 Ko) 27.08.2020 1.1.3. [2], In his later life, George Orwell moved to Barnhill, on Jura, living there intermittently from 1946, while critically ill with tuberculosis. The island is moun… [70][71] Since 1993 it has also been the home of the Jura Music Festival,[72] which takes place annually in September. [67][Note 1], However, when the soldier and military historian Sir James Turner visited Jura in 1632, he was less impressed, reporting that '[it is] a horride ile and a habitation fit for deere and wild beastes'. On the western half of the island the quartzite has been penetrated by a number of linear basalt dykes that were formed during a period of intense volcanic activity in the early Palaeogene period, 56 million years ago. [5], The population is almost entirely French-speaking. Le canton du Jura voit sa population croître de 157 personnes en 2019 pour s’établir à un total de 73'584 habitants au 31.12.2019. In 2004, a federal commission proposed that the French-speaking southern Jura be united with the canton of Jura, as the language question now seems to be more important than the denominational one. After the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 the Jura had close ties with the Swiss Confederation.At the Congress of Vienna (1815), the Jura region became part of the canton of Bern. The vast green plains of Ajoie, commonly named the orchard of the Jura, offer damson trees, vineyards, caves as well as prehistoric park, an aerodrome, wagons tours and magical ponds. Population résidante permanente au 31 décembre, selon la commune et la classe d'âges, de 2010 à 2019, canton du Jura (XLSX, 120 Ko) 27.08.2020 1.1.4. The Jura village has population of 1066 of which 564 are males while 502 are females as per Population Census 2011. The 2010 album Poets and Lighthouses by Tuvan singer Albert Kuvezin of the band Yat Kha was recorded and produced by the British musician Giles Perring on Jura, with some of the performances being recorded in the (now largely felled) forest at Lagg. At Westminster Jura is represented as part of a constituency also called Argyll and Bute, which is held by Brendan O'Hara, also of the SNP. After the Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 the Jura had close ties with the Swiss Confederation. The king of Burgundy donated much of the land that today makes up canton Jura to the bishop of Basel in 999. THE population of an Inner Hebridean island has increased by almost 50 per cent after an Australian hedge fund millionaire recruited an army of workers to build a luxury golf course resort. In 1266, his more peaceable successor ceded his nominal authority over Suðreyjar to the Scottish king (Alexander III) by the Treaty of Perth, in return for a very large sum of money. The modern name Jura dates from the Norse-Gael era. When Donald was recaptured, in 1506, the king took the precaution of transferring the property of the MacDonald family to the Campbells; in Jura, the Campbells of Craignish were the beneficiaries. With an area of 36,692 hectares, or 142 square miles, and only 196 inhabitants recorded in the 2011 census,[4] Jura is much more sparsely populated than Islay, and is one of the least densely populated islands of Scotland: in a list of the islands of Scotland ranked by size, Jura comes eighth,[6] whereas by population it comes 31st. The name Jura is believed to come from the Norse meaning ‘Deer Island’ although it is also said that Jura got it’s name from an earlier language. The island is dominated by three steep-sided conical quartzite mountains on its western side—the Paps of Jura—which rise to 785 metres (2,575 ft). In 2018, population for Jura was 73 persons. Nowadays, the 200+ residents are vastly outnumbered by the population of deer, which can be anything between 5000 – 6000! The head of the MacDonalds was unhappy to have tenants who had supported John Balliol and the MacDougalls, so, in 1358, he asked the chief of the MacLean family to assassinate the MacInnes' leaders; so thorough was this carried out that to this day the MacInnes have had no-one to become their new chief, and consequently they dispersed throughout Scotland. [68], But at the end of the 17th century, the writer and traveller Martin Martin went there and concluded that 'this isle is perhaps the wholesomest plot of ground either in the isles or continent of Scotland, as appears by the long life of the natives and their state of health'. 152 million The Gaelic… Following John MacDonald's death, his grandson and heir, Black Donald, was being kept a prisoner at Innes Chonnel Castle (a stronghold of the Campbells). Answer: Jura, Switzerland (capital: Delémont) - last known population is ≈ 72 400 (year 2014). The Jura plateau is hilly and almost entirely limestone. When explorer Martin Martin visited the Isle of Jura in 1703 he wrote an interesting account of the island and its people. The Jura region, therefore, served mostly as a compensation for the two large territories previously belonging to the Canton of Berne and the trade-off was not embraced wholeheartedly either by the population in the Jura region or by the Canton of Berne 5. On 18 June 2017, the town of Moutier voted to quit Bern and join the canton of Jura. Bienvenue sur le site officiel de la République et Canton du Jura. [65] Like many other parts of the Hebrides and western Scotland, the shores of Jura are frequented by grey seals, and the elusive otter is also relatively common here, as is the adder, the UK's only venomous snake. [16], The north of the island, however, remained in MacLean hands until 1737, when it was sold to Donald MacNeil of Colonsay. [34] Despite its isolation, Barnhill has in recent years become something of a shrine for his readers. [40], Jura distillery was founded in 1810 but was not used after 1900 and was dismantled. The arrondissement of Lons-le-Saunier, with 126,071 inhabitants, … There are ten districts and 309 municipalities in Vaud. Jura is renowned for its large population of red deer, which is kept to around 6000 by the estates’ gamekeepers and their paying guests during the stalking season (July 1st to October 20th for stags and from October 21st to February 15th for hinds). Published November 2006 Read the Update! 14,109 people were employed in the secondary sector and 16,513 people were employed in the tertiary sector. Somerled's son Dougall received the part of Jura north of Loch Tarbert (along with adjacent islands further north), while Dougal's nephew Donald received the rest of Jura, as well as Islay, and lands to the east. Martin noted some extraordinary examples of longevity, including one Gillouir MacCrain, who was alleged to have kept one hundred and eighty Christmases in his own house. In financial terms, the Jura distillery was the largest, and it was also the biggest individual employer, but the island's seven estates, taken together, employed the most full- and part-time staff. After a long struggle, a constitution was accepted in 1977. In this year, Jura population density was 86.6 p/km². Jura is located in: France, Bourgogne-Franche-Comté, Jura. After a long and partly militant struggle, which included some arson attacks by a youth organisation Les Béliers, a constitution was accepted in 1977. Islay can also be reached by air: Islay Airport is served by daily flights from Glasgow operated by Loganair,[60] and twice weekly flights from Oban and Colonsay operated by Hebridean Air Services. [32], He was known to the residents of Jura by his real name, Eric Blair. Find what to do today, this weekend, or in January. Jura Tourism invites you to discover this wonderful canton, a paradise for hiking, relaxing, ideal for romantic getaways or family vacation. The constitution of Jura was ratified in 1977. Ruantallain had been a part of the Tarbert Estate, until its sale in 1984. The purchaser was the American-born English politician Waldorf Astor, whose wife, Nancy Astor had recently become the first female MP to sit in the House of Commons. The island has a large population of red deer. The Isle of Jura is a barren, sparsely populated Inner Hebridean island off the west coast of Scotland.A single distillery, Isle of Jura, operates in the town of Craighouse.This is where most of the population (numbering around 200) reside. The canton covers a surface of 839 km² and has a population of … The island is mountainous, bare and infertile, covered largely by extensive areas of blanket bog.[7]. If population growth rate would be same as in period 2010-2014 (+0.84%/year), Jura population in … [citation needed], Throughout all this time, the descendants of the Cenél nÓengusa had retained their identity; they were now the MacInnes (not to be confused with similarly named groups elsewhere in Scotland). DDPS: Département fédéral de la défense, de la protection de la population et des sports DFF: Département fédéral des finances DEFR: Département fédéral de … The route of the annual Isle of Jura Fell Race includes all three Paps and four other hills. A charter was soon sent from the Scottish King confirming this state of affairs; the charter declares that Skye and the Outer Hebrides are to be considered independent from the rest of the former Lordship, leaving only Islay and Jura remaining. The visually intimidating par-3 second hole. However, there has been a small increase since 2001. Having complained for several years about harassment from the MacLeans, in 1647 the Campbells launched a surprise attack on Aros Castle, and killed many MacLeans; for many years in the 20th century, a human skull stood on a ledge in a nearby cave, and it was traditionally said to have been the remains of a Maclean who had been killed in this battle. It is bordered by its homonymous lake southward and northward by the Jura mountains. He completed Nineteen Eighty-Four at Barnhill during 1947–48;[33] he sent the final typescript to his publishers, Secker and Warburg, on 4 December 1948, and they published the book on 8 June 1949. The Jura was French-speaking and Roman Catholic, whereas the canton of Bern was mostly German-speaking and Protestant. In 1938 Charles Campbell, blind in one eye from a war injury, fell on hard times and led his white horse to the old pier for the last time.[25]. Youngson, Peter (2001) Jura: Island of Deer. [8], The historical population is given in the following chart:[9], Agriculture is important in canton Jura. Thus the Canton of Jura offers statistics for its three districts on several themes. [63] The seas around Jura form part of the Inner Hebrides and the Minches Special Area of Conservation due to their importance for Harbour porpoises. The cuisine of Franche-Comté draws upon the region’s varied geography (Western Jura mountains, southern Vosges mountains, Saône plains, Bresse) and is mainly composed of cheese, charcuterie and wine. The MacLeans established a castle in Glen Garrisdale, as a stronghold, which they named Aros Castle, like one of their castles elsewhere. Canton Jura lies in the northwest of Switzerland. Jura (/ˈdʒʊərə/ JOOR-ə; Scottish Gaelic: Diùra; Scots: Jura) is an island in the Inner Hebrides of Scotland, adjacent to and northeast of Islay. Tourism is the only other significant area of economic activity, and in 2005 over 20% of the island population was directly or indirectly employed in the tourist industry. [citation needed], At the end of the 13th century, king John Balliol was challenged for the throne by Robert de Bruys. Bordering France to the north and west, it is bounded on the south by Bern canton and on the east by Solothurn canton and Basel-Landschaft demicanton. Answer: Jura, Switzerland (capital: Delémont) - last known population is ≈ 72 400 (year 2014). Around half of Jura (47.4%) is covered by forest, and 43.4% by agricultural land. Willkommen im Online-Shop für JURA-Kaffeemaschinen, Kaffee-Vollautomaten bester Schweizer Qualität. Somerled built the sea fortress of Claig Castle on an island at the southern tip of Jura, establishing control of the Sound of Islay; on account of the Corryvreckan whirlpool, this essentially gave him control of the sea traffic between the Scottish mainland and the Hebrides. Initially founded near the Sealed Cave after abandoning an old Goblin village, the nation started off as a new Goblin village built by Dwarven Craftsmen. In 1767, fifty people left for Canada, and from that point the population fluctuated, rising to a peak of 1312 in 1831, before gradually shrinking to its 20th century level of just a few hundred. 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