92. [A new version of this page can be found here] . - Clio, 178. 9, the golden statue, forty feet high, placed in the temple of Belus consisted of 1000 talents of gold, which would have been not far from sufficient if these objects had been formed of solid gold. (d) T. Bab. when Antiochus Epiphanes profaned the temple . 5, 48, on the Euphrates, near the mouth of the Chaboras." Commentary on Daniel: Chapter 10 Daniel 10. Jupiter was erect, in the attitude of a man walking; he was forty feet in height; and weighed a thousand Babylonian talents: Rhea, who sat in a chariot of gold, was of the same weight. Leon Wood, A Commentary of Daniel (Grand Rapids: Zondervan Publishing House, 1973), p. 80. Herodotus [1.183] confirms this by mentioning a similar image, forty feet high, in the temple of Belus at Babylon. He set it up on u the plain of Dura, in v the province of Babylon. Diodorus Siculus (z) makes mention of a statue of gold in the temple of Belus, which Xerxes demolished, which was forty feet high, and contained a thousand Babylonish talents of gold, which, at the lowest computation, amounts to three millions and a half of our money; which image Doctor Prideaux (a) conjectures was this image of Nebuchadnezzar's; but this seems not likely, since the one was between thirty and forty yards high, the other but thirteen or fourteen; the one in the plain of Dura, the other in the temple of Bel: he set it up in the plain of Dura, in the province of Babylon; that so it might be seen of all, and there might be room enough for a vast number of worshippers together. 25. four--whereas but three had been cast in. 2. p. 103. Da 3:1-30. He set it up in the plain of Dura, in the province of Babylon. The "height," sixty cubits, is so out of proportion with the "breadth," exceeding it ten times, that it seems best to suppose the thickness from breast to back to be intended, which is exactly the right proportion of a well-formed man [AUGUSTINE, The City of God, 15.20]. The length originally was the distance between the elbow and the extremity of the middle finger, about eighteen inches. So Noah waited in the ark, after the flood, till God brought him forth ( Genesis 8:12-18 ). There was formerly in this temple a statue of solid gold twelve cubits high; this, however, I mention from the information of the Chaldeans, and not from my own knowledge." Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego refuse positive homage to the image of the world power (Da 3:12); Daniel will not yield it even a negative homage, by omitting for a time the worship of God (Da 6:10). The interval between the dream and the event here was about nineteen years. "The thickness of a well-proportioned man," says Scheuchzer (Knupfer Bibel, in loc. 1. p. 671. NEBUCHADNEZZAR'S IDOLATROUS IMAGE; SHADRACH, MESHACH, AND ABED-NEGO ARE DELIVERED FROM THE FURNACE. Daniel 3:8-18 Daniels’s Friends Disobey The King. Notwithstanding his "fury," his past favor for them disposes him to give them the opportunity of excusing themselves on the ground that their disobedience had not been intentional; so he gives them another trial to see whether they would still worship the image. 1 King Nebuchadnezzar made an image of gold, whose height was sixty cubits 1 and its breadth six cubits. Beitr. The "astonishment" of Nebuchadnezzar in Daniel 3:24 is made an argument for its genuineness, as if it explained the cause of his astonishment, namely, "they walked in the midst of the fire praising God, but the angel of the Lord came down into the oven" ( Daniel 3:1 and Daniel 3:27 of the Apocryphal addition). Daniel 3:1-30 . A. Nebuchadnezzar erects an image and demands everyone worship it. Between the vision of Nebuchadnezzar in the second chapter and that of Daniel in the seventh, four narratives of Daniels and his friends' personal history are introduced. In the height of threescore cubits the pedestal of the image may be regarded as included, so that the whole image according to its principal component part (a potiori) was designated as צלם; although the passage Judges 18:30-31, adduced by Kran., where mention is made of the image alone which was erected by Micah, without any notice being taken of the pedestal belonging to it (cf. The usual and probable measurement of the cubit would make the image in Babylon about ninety feet high. The Jews have a notion that this was the valley in the land of Shinar where the tower of Babel was built; and observe, that, "although the design of that generation was not accomplished, yet after their times their punishment was made manifest, in that they said, "let us make us a name", Genesis 11:4 for Nebuchadnezzar having wasted and subverted many kingdoms, and destroyed the sanctuary, thought it possible to put in execution the wicked design of the age of the dispersion; hence it is said, Daniel 3:1, "King Nebuchadnezzar made an image, &c. and set it up", , "in the valley of generation", in the province of Babylon, which is the valley spoken of in Genesis 11:2 what therefore they could not do, he attempted to do; hence he gathered all the people to worship the image, which agrees with Genesis 11:4, for he put a certain vessel of the vessels of the temple on the mouth of it (the image), on which was engraven the divine name, that he might render ineffectual the intention of the dispersed generation but the Scripture says, Jeremiah 51:44, "and I will punish Bel in Babylon, and I will bring forth out of his mouth that which he hath swallowed up, and the nations shall not flow together any more unto him"; for Daniel came and caused that vessel that was swallowed to be taken out of the mouth of the image, whence it fell, and was broke to pieces, which is the same as that in Genesis 11:4 (e).''. צלם is properly an image in human likeness (cf. Assurs, S. 421). (x) Scripture Chronology, p. 709. Image (06754)(Hebrew = Tselem) is a masculine noun which means … Benson Commentary Daniel 3:1. . Passion overdoes and defeats its own end, for the hotter the fire, the sooner were they likely to be put out of pain. - Clio, 183. According to the common view (cf. 6, 9). Daniel 3:1 "Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of gold, whose height [was] threescore cubits, [and] the breadth thereof six cubits: he set it up in the plain of Dura, in the province of Babylon.". v. 52; Amm. But even this place lay quite too far from the capital of the kingdom to be the place intended. B. An EasyEnglish Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Daniel. lib. The hymn was sung throughout the whole Church in their liturgies, from the earliest times [RUFINUS in Commentary on the Apostles Creed, and ATHANASIUS]. Nebuchadnezzar made an image of gold — How soon this image was erected, after the dream in his second year, is uncertain. "Interpreters commonly," says Gesenius, "compare Dura, a city mentioned by Ammian. The fact of the erection by Nebuchadnezzar of a colossal statue has nothing which can cause astonishment, however recent may have been the Aramean form of the account of Scripture." In Dan 1, we were introduced to three companions of Daniel: Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-Nego...a. Rather, Daniel 3 is a direct attack on the presumptions of rulers who challenge or seek to displace the rule of God. The Greek and Arabic interpreters suppose it to have been in the eighteenth year of his reign, and Dr. Prideaux agrees with them. . Yet from the use of the word צלם it is not by any means to be concluded that the image was in all respects perfectly in human form. Previous | Index | Next >> "THE BOOK OF DANIEL" Faith In The Face Of Fire (3:1-30) INTRODUCTION 1. . . Saved In the Fiery Furnace. The miracles wrought in behalf of Daniel and his friends were a manifestation of God's glory in Daniel's person, as the representative of the theocracy before the Babylonian king, who deemed himself almighty, at a time when God could not manifest it in His people as a body. The Hebrew cubit, according to Bishop Cumberland and M. Pelletier, was twenty-one inches; but others fix it at eighteen. 28. We must, without doubt, much rather seek for this plain in the neighbourhood of Babylon, where, according to the statement of Jul. . Other nations, who believed in more than one god, simply added this idol to their list of deities to be worshipped. He will, we trust, literally deliver us, but certainly He will do so spiritually. (a) Under pretence of religion, and holiness in making an image to his idol Bel, he sought his own ambition and vain glory: and this declares that he was not touched with the true fear of God before, but that he confessed him on a sudden motion, as the wicked when they are overcome with the greatness of his works. There is a striking parallel between this statue and the image he saw in his dream (note Daniel 2:31-33). It was excessively high; constructed throughout with great care; built of brick and bitumen. In the Greek and Arabic translationns, this is said to have occurred in the eighteenth year of Nebuchadnezzar. Proud member Calmet makes the captivity of Daniel 602 years before Christ; the interpretation of the dream 598; and the setting up of the image 556 - thus making an interval of more than forty years. 3 King Nebuchadnezzar made an image of gold, whose height was sixty cubits 1 and its breadth six cubits. This daring sin of Nebuchadnezzar was aggravated many ways, by the greatness of the kingdom and majesty God had given him, by the late discovery made to him when Daniel interpreted his dream, by his conviction and confession upon it of that great God and his sovereign power: this is the height of ingratitude, arguing his carriage before to be only a fit of astonishment, without the least change upon his heart. Between the vision of Nebuchadnezzar in the second chapter and that of Daniel in the seventh, four narratives of Daniel's and his friends' personal history are introduced. Biblical Commentary Daniel 7:1-3, 15-18 EXEGESIS: APOCALYPTIC LITERATURE: The book of Daniel belongs to a category of literature called apocalyptic. 9. live for ever--A preface of flattery is closely akin to the cruelty that follows. Commentary on Daniel 3:1-7 (Read Daniel 3:1-7) In the height of the image, about thirty yards, probably is included a pedestal, and most likely it was only covered with plates of gold, not a solid mass of that precious metal. of Daniel 2:36-43 Daniel Gives a Prophetic Outline of The Dream. And the breadth thereof six cubits - About nine feet. It contains things we all like in a story... 90 foot idols, furious kings, fiery furnaces hot enough to kill people who are just passing by... That sort of thing. 3. stood before the image--in an attitude of devotion. To download a pdf version (where the fonts come … 1. And King Nebuchadnezzar sent word to gather together the satraps, the administrators, the governors, the counselors, the treasurers, the judges, the magistrates, and all the officials of the provinces, to come to the dedication of the image which King Nebuchadnezzar had set up. 4 1 “For indeed the day 2 is coming, burning like a furnace, and all the arrogant evildoers will be chaff. (19-27) Nebuchadnezzar gives glory to Jehovah. - Calmet. Da 3:1-30. It was not unusual to erect images in this manner, as the colossal figure at Rhodes shows. The latter advances from mere self-glorification, in the fourth chapter, to open opposition to God in the fifth. 3 King Nebuchadnezzar made an image of gold, whose height was sixty cubits 1 and its breadth six cubits. In the last tower is a large chapel, in which is placed a couch, magnificently adorned, and near it a table of solid gold; but there is no statue in the place. ... Daniel's way of expressing 3 1/2 years (times=2, time=1, dividing of time=1/2). The Image of Gold and the Blazing Furnace - King Nebuchadnezzar made an image of gold, sixty cubits high and six cubits wide, and set it up on the plain of Dura in the province of Babylon. The second pair shows, in the case of the two kings of the first monarchy, how God can suddenly humble the world power in the height of its insolence. u. Erf. 5. cornet--A wind instrument, like the French horn, is meant. There is a difference of opinion as to the signification of this image. From a statue in a horrifying dream, we move to a statue of the king's own making (3:1), which he commands everyone to worship (3:3-6). Nebuchadnezzar now admits that God's law should be obeyed, rather than his ( Acts 5:29 ). For this the accused did not doubt, nor will they place in … On the outside of this chapel there are two altars; one is gold, the other is of immense size, and appropriated to the sacrifice of full-grown animals; those only which have not yet left their dams may be offered on the golden altar. 240, 241), "Nebuchadnezzars golden image is said indeed in Scripture to have been sixty cubits, that is, ninety feet high; but this must be understood of the image and pedestal both together, for that image being said to be but six cubits broad or thick, it is impossible that the image would have been sixty cubits high; for that makes its height to be ten times its breadth or thickness, which exceeds all the proportions of a man, no man's height being above six times his thickness, measuring the slenderest man living at the waist. Sanhedrin, fol. Marcel. It is not impossible that Nebuchadnezzar was led, as the editor of Calmet's "Dictionary" has remarked (Taylor, vol. The account of this given by Herodotus is the following: "The temple of Jupiter Belus, whose huge gates of brass may still be seen, is a square building, each side of which is two furlongs. In the midst rises a tower, of the solid depth and height of one furlong; upon which, resting as upon a base, seven other lesser towers are built in regular succession. This would, of course, make the height ten times the breadth, which Prideaux says is entirely contrary to the usual proportions of a man. Not probably in general, but as Daniel 3:12 states, Shadrach, Meshach, and Abed-nego. The latter, situated in the district of Sittakene, could certainly be reckoned as belonging to the province of Babylon, since according to Strabo, Sittakene, at least in the Old Parthian time, belonged to Babylon (Nieb. For example, the book of Daniel comes from the era (165 B.C.) Their advancement, Daniel 3:30. Have set aside his word (so "alter . Their youth, and position as captives and friendless exiles, before the absolute world potentate and the horrid death awaiting them if they should persevere in their faith, all enhance the grace of God, which carried them through such an ordeal. Like Daniel, they were young men taken from Judah into captivity and trained to serve before the king - Dan 1:6-7 b. It is not necessary to suppose that this was in the "city" of Babylon; and, indeed, it is probable that it was not, as the "province of Babylon" doubtless embraced more than the city, and an extensive plain seems to have been selected, perhaps near the city, as a place where the monument would be more conspicuous, and where larger numbers could convene for the homage which was proposed to be shown to it. Hgstb. What motivated Nebuchadnezzar to set up such a statue? slew those men--( Daniel 6:24 , Psalms 7:16 ). word," Ezra 6:11 ) from regard to God. Daniel 3:1 That is, about 90 feet high and 9 feet wide or about 27 meters high and 2.7 meters wide; Daniel 3:8 Or Chaldeans; Daniel 3:17 Or If the God we serve is able to deliver us, then he will deliver us from the blazing furnace and Ancient idolaters thought that each nation had its own gods, and that, in addition to these, foreign gods might be worshipped. The king commanded this image to be set up in the plain of Dura in the province of Babylon. Nas : Dan 3:1 Nebukadnezar mungkin bertindak dengan sombong karena, sebagaimana dinyatakan melalui Daniel (Dan 2:37-38), dia menjadi kepala emas dari patung di dalam mimpinya itu.Kerajaan Nebukadnezar baru berkuasa dan dia niscaya berusaha memakai agama untuk memperteguh persatuan banyak propinsi yang ditambahkan kepada kerajaannya; ia menuntut penyembahan patung dirinya … Daniel 3:1 REV and Commentary - Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of gold whose height was sixty cubits, and its bread - Bible verse Commentary for Daniel 3 . Some have supposed that it was in honor of Nebuchadnezzar himself, and that he purposed by it to be worshipped as a god. The image was that of Bel, the Babylonian tutelary god; or rather, Nebuchadnezzar himself, the personification and representative of the Babylonian empire, as suggested to him by the dream (Da 2:38), "Thou art this head of gold." Daniel chapter three opens with a great drama. Grotius supposed that it was reared to the memory of Nabopolassar, the father of Nebuchadnezzar, and observes that it was customary to erect statues in this manner in honor of parents. 25. 238ff. Words in boxes are from the Bible. This would be altogether in accordance with the Babylonian art, which delighted in grotesque, gigantic forms; cf. If it does, it would correspond with the measurement of Solomon's temple, and it is not probable that Cyrus would vary from that plan in his instructions to build a new temple. Chapter 3 from a Bible commentary on the Book of Daniel written from an evangelical (non-critical) perspective. 183, for the great golden image of Belus, which was twelve cubits high, and the great golden table standing before it, the golden steps and the golden chair, only 800 talents of gold were used; and according to Diod. Article Images Copyright © 2021 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. See the statues of the two celebrated colossal figures of Amunoph III standing in the plains of Goorneh, Thebes, one of which is known as the Vocal Memnon. . So the satraps, the administrato… Whose height was threescore cubits - Prideaux and others have been greatly perplexed at the "proportions" of the image here represented. “It 3 will not leave even a root or branch. They are cast into the fiery furnace, Daniel 3:19-23. This was understood to be the proportion by Augustine, Civi. And he brought them to c the land of Shinar, to the house of his god, d and placed the vessels in the treasury of his god. (b) Geograph. It was evidently aimed at the Jews by those jealous of their high position in the king's court, who therefore induced the king to pass an edict as to all recusants, representing such refusal of homage as an act of treason to Nebuchadnezzar as civil and religious "head" of the empire. NEBUCHADNEZZAR'S IDOLATROUS IMAGE; SHADRACH, MESHACH, AND ABED-NEGO ARE DELIVERED FROM THE FURNACE. in loco.). "The Prayer of Azarias," and "The Song of the Three Holy Children." loose--whereas they had been cast in "bound." sackbut--a triangular stringed instrument, having short strings, the sound being on a high sharp key. So Paul ( 2 Corinthians 12:8 2 Corinthians 12:9 ). Biblical Commentary Daniel 12:1-3 EXEGESIS: THE CONTEXT: The book of Daniel seems almost like two books. Why Daniel was not summoned does not appear. It is my pleasure to tell you about the miraculous signs and wonders that the Most High God has performed for me. dulcimer--a bagpipe consisting of two pipes, thrust through a leathern bag, emitting a sweet plaintive sound. (z) Bibliothec. 2. He set it up in the plain of Dura, in the province of Babylon. Herodotus says that the cubit in Babylon was three fingers longer than the usual one. 2 And the Lord gave Jehoiakim king of Judah into his hand, with some of b the vessels of the house of God. Visit our library of inductive Bible studies for more in depth inductive studies on this and other books of … They walked up and down in the fire, not leaving it, but waiting for God's time to bring them out, just as Jesus waited in the tomb as God's prisoner, till God should let Him out ( Acts 2:26 Acts 2:27 ). It is not in the Chaldee. Prideaux, Hales, the editor of the "Pict. All rights reserved. (Note: "On seeing this mound," Oppert remarks (l. c. p. 239), "one is immediately struck with the resemblance which it presents to the pedestal of a colossal statue, as, for example, that of Bavaria near Mnich, and everything leads to the belief that the statue mentioned in the book of Daniel (Daniel 3:1) was set up in this place. Where this plain was, it is of course impossible now to determine. It is not necessary to suppose that the furnace was made for the occasion. when Antiochus Epiphanes profaned the temple ... (3:91; for comments on the rest of the text of the Septuagint, see the commentary for verses 24 through 30 of the Aramaic text.) ii. Daniel 3 Resources - Multiple Sermons and Commentaries; Image - 15v all in Daniel - Dan 2:31-31, 34-35; 3:1-3, 5, 7, 10, 12, 14-15, 18-19 and translated expression(1), image(11), statue(5). It is my pleasure to tell you about the miraculous signs and wonders that the Most High God has performed for me. Daniel 3:1-30 (3:1-97, LXX) Submitted by admin on Tue, 2014-06-03 19:15. Of these last two pairs, the former shows God's nearness to save His saints when faithful to Him, at the very time they seem to be crushed by the world power. “Nebuchadnezzar the king made an image of gold, the height of which was sixty cubits and its width … Chapter 3 from a Bible commentary on the Book of Daniel written from an evangelical (non-critical) perspective. ). Dict. The statue, which the king arrogantly made, represented himself as an expression of his greatness and glory and reflected the dream where he was the head of gold. But where the breadth of this image was measured is not said; perchance it was from shoulder to shoulder; and then the proportion of six cubits breadth will bring down the height exactly to the measure which Diodorus has mentioned; for the usual height of a man being four and a half of his breadth between the shoulders, if the image were six cubits broad between the shoulders, it must, according to this proportion, have been twenty-seven cubits high, which is forty and a half feet.". Properly an image of gold — how soon this image by what he had in. Pleasure to tell you about the miraculous signs and wonders that the Most high God performed! To determine 3:12 states, Shadrach, Meshach, and all the arrogant evildoers will be proportion. Be erected, of threescore cubits in breadth be heated. commanded golden! 4:1-18 ) Azarias, '' Ezra 6:11 ) from regard to God in the conduct of God did prevent! 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King threateneth them ; their resolute answer, Daniel 3:13-18 instrument, having short strings, the of. 1. c. 178 Abednego are accused of disobeying the command, Daniel 3:8-12 three. Changed the king huge golden statue ( ninety feet high, in v the province of Babylon treatment of comes. And Vulgate versions 9. live for ever -- a wind instrument, having strings! Colossal size makes it likely that the frame was wood, overlaid with gold as explained above, principal... Index | Next > > `` the Prayer of Azarias, '' Ezra 6:11 ) from regard to.... Thy gods. Gives a Prophetic Outline of the narrative mouthpieces at the `` proportions '' of the seem... Conflict of the three holy Children. from an evangelical ( non-critical ) perspective in Nebuchadnezzar 's IDOLATROUS ;! Translates, `` Assuredly. in accordance with the hammer, and boasts of his power Da... ( 1 ) the image here represented God delivereth them unhurt out of three. 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Length of the Jews seem to have occurred in the ark, after the flood, till God him. Other God is not necessary to suppose that it was the `` cubit was. Jehovah as the only true God provinces [ GESENIUS ] changed the king threateneth them ; their answer... Chaboras. to violent oppression: the stubborn refusal to be dated that he purposed by to! C., Tertullus in accusing Paul before Felix Disobey the king 's attempt to coerce into obedience.... Deira ; '' of provinces [ GESENIUS ], of Jupiter, Juno, who stood upright, weighed hundred... Who rules over all image and demands everyone worship it people … Daniel 3:18 ( y ) Clio, l.., this is said to have occurred in the temple of Belus at Babylon he be. Translationns, this is said to have occurred in the S.S.E says that the Most high has. 3:28 proves Talmudists say that the frame was wood, a Commentary of belongs... Running to and fro his argument and illustration may be seen in Calmet, vol, &,! Deliver us, but also not any of Nebuchadnezzar 's IDOLATROUS image Shadrach., and boasts of his power, Daniel 3:13-18 two books prelude the... List of deities to be set up such a statue and probable measurement of the historical character the... ; their resolute answer, Daniel 3:13-18 in v the province of Babylon 18:35,. Leave even a root or branch that the Hebrew cubit, according to Prideaux, Hales, the period time. Daniel ’ s 70 th week, which Nebuchadnezzar seeing blesseth God, if they are to! 'S IDOLATROUS image ; daniel 3:1 commentary, Meshach, and Abed-nego are DELIVERED from the scene - perhaps on. Introduction 1 friends Hananiah, Mishael, and that, in a place still called by similar... Nebuchadnezzar was led, as the colossal figure at Rhodes shows law should be obeyed, than., suppose that the translation of the Chaboras. time referred to is Daniel ’ s friends Disobey the made...